Category Archives: News

TRUMP ADMINISTRATION BIOPOLITICS: Child gulags in ‘telluric’ America

by Devon G. Peña, NACCS Scholar 2013

Devon G. Peña, NACCS Scholar 2013

“Autochthonous defenders of the home soil, who died for our altars and our hearths, the national and patriotic heroes who went into the woods, all elemental, telluric force in reaction to foreign invasion.”

—Carl Schmitt, The Theory of the Partisan, 52.

The Washington Post ran a story last week (May 15) about how the Trump administration is implementing a policy separating children from their parents or other relatives if they are caught trying to enter the U.S. without the standing to do so legally. The headline read: “Trump administration preparing to hold immigrant children on military bases.” It was featured under the topical by-line “NATIONAL SECURITY”, a problematic choice I will return to because it merits criticism about the role of the mainstream media in normalizing Trumpian national security policies.

Many of these families are from indigenous and working-class communities in Central America and Mexico and are fleeing the effects of decades of U.S. foreign, military, and trade policies associated with the violence of neoliberal shock doctrines in place since the early 1970s.

The idea of splitting up families apprehended and detained during unauthorized border crossings is one facet of an over-reaching and over-arching fully-militarized policy of direct repression of people in transmotion based on an ultra-nationalist ideology that declares white people must defend their imagined homeland from threatening (criminal, unintelligent, unassimilable) others. This from the descendants of the true invaders and settler colonists.

It must be noted this draconian measure has a longer history. During the Obama Administration in 2012, there were cases of young children in foster care for two years or longer, while parent(s) languished in federal detainment facilities awaiting deportation for being in the country without legal status (see the report by Ryan J. Stanton in the Ann Arbor News, April 15, 2012).

We can go deeper and mention the history of Native American children forced into missionary boarding schools to be stripped of their language and cultural memory. Xicanxs also faced forced deculturation in Americanization classrooms, often staged in the broom closet for “special ed” kids. It would seem white America has a problem with a nasty history of basically kidnapping or segregating and then mistreating other people’s children. Surely the courts will find this constitutes cruel and unusual punishment to the children and their relatives? We will have to wait and see how the policy unfolds and is challenged.

I wish to make two points about the split-the-children-from-their-parents policy: First, a point about the deplorable base of racists, white supremacists, and other telluric partisans mobilized by Trumpian racism: They may be ‘nativists’ but they sure as hell are not native.

We must end the self-righteous legitimizing narrative and brand it as false before the public discourse and popular imagination. This will starve the white supremacists of the type of resentiment they need to thrive. Everyone needs to remind white people how many are descendants of violent and interloping settler colonial populations and other less fortunate arrivants whose genealogies are not indigenous to the Western Hemisphere, unlike Mexicans, Guatemalans, and others with millennial indigenous roots across the entire continent and who now face the terror of the status of illegality.

Now about the Washington Post topic by-line of NATIONAL SECURITY. The only way I can see this as a national security issue is by noting how the regime in the White House is violating the constitutional rights of children and their relatives. This a threat to the prospects for security in democracy in a settler colonial nation-state bent on exercising the constituted power of white supremacists. The by-line follows the Trumpian logic of misconstructing immigration law reduced to a policy analog of national security. This has been part of a decades-old discursive strategy seeking to criminalize all immigrants by misrecognizing them as the moral equivalents of terrorists in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks. This is especially painful and harmful to displaced indigenoustransborder travelers who are only guilty of trying to escape death squads, narco-drug cartels, and other forms of structural violence unleashed by neoliberal shock doctrine policies of all recent U.S. administrations including Obama and Clinton had she won (never forget Berta Caceres).

Our social justice movements must foment awareness of these facts and punctuate the narrative by focusing attention on the legal and political consequences of the criminalization of those displaced by the American empire.

Second, this sort of draconian action has happened before. The case of the legal targeting of children as part of the pogroms of the Nazis in Germany is instructive to the point that it renders the question – is Trumpian ideology a form of fascism? – moot. This does not mean the U.S. is fascist. It does suggest we have an Executive intent on being a charismatic strong man like the killer Duterte he so admires and is a threat to any future, strongly indigenized, democratic prospects.

On being the new ‘Rhineland Bastards’

Ina Friedman is among the historians and social scientists focused on the “other victims” of Nazi laws. She notes how it was not just Jewish children who were affected but rather “…the lives of black children, who were the offspring of German women and African soldiers stationed in the Rhineland after World War I. Many of these so-called ‘Rhineland Bastards’ were picked up from the streets or from classrooms and sterilized, often without anesthesia. Due to the application of the “Law for the Prevention of Off-spring with Hereditary Defects,” which was passed in 1933, approximately 400 of these children were deprived of their right to reproduce.”

Following the Kristallnacht pogrom (commonly known as “The Night of Broken Glass”) on November 9-10, 1938, Nazi legislation barred Jews from all public schools and universities, as well as from cinemas, theaters, and sports facilities. In many cities, Jews were forbidden to enter designated “Aryan” zones. Sound familiar? (as recounted in The Holocaust Encyclopedia).

Let us therefore resolve to understand how #BlackLivesMatter, #Not1More, and similar movements are justified forms of civil disobedience against the real existing threat of daily lived violence at the hands of white telluric partisans, who are like the Schmitt irregulars, white men like Zimmerman who murdered Trayvon and got away with it because grandma had her way with stand you ground laws in Florida.

Illustrating this will further empower our indigenous social justice movements to challenge as unfounded, the claims over the policing and regulation of citizenship as articulated by fake telluric partisans with their questionable status as righteous natives. By overthrowing the nativist mythos and revealing the settler colonial origins of Trumpian white nationalism we may take a vital step across racially-politicized and polarized differences to advance movement toward a rethinking and indigenized  remaking of the very meaning of citizenship and territory. There really is nothing more repugnant than the children of invaders assuming the position of the elemental telluric force. The only telluric partisans in this conflict are the indigenous peoples of this hemisphere.

It is worth recalling Carl Schmitt in The Theory of the Partisan on the nature of the telluric partisan for it reveals how compelling the need is for us to challenge the delusion of nativity used by the deplorable base of white nationalists to justify the violence encouraged by the current strongman in the White House:

The partisan has then a real, but not an absolute enemy. That proceeds from his political character. Another boundary of enmity follows from the telluric character of the partisan. He defends a patch of earth to which he has an autochthonic relation. His basic position remains defensive despite his increasing mobility. He comports himself just as St. Joan of Arc did before her ecclesiastical court of judgment. She was not a partisan; she fought the English in a regular way. When asked a theological trick question by the judge—whether she claimed God hated the English—she responded: “Whether God loved or hated the English, I do not know, I only know that they must be driven out of France.”We have a choice: Allow the friend and enemy distinction to continue functioning as a primary driver of white nationalist politics, or reclaim our status as the true telluric partisans who really are the natives in this world-transformative dispute. We are the Helots among the Spartans at the gates of Athens, all elemental and fiercely grounded in our, for now, transborder homeland.

Original Article Appeared in Mexmigration

Summer 2018 – Vol. 43 No. 1

New Board Members Reflect Upon Their First NACS/NACCS Experience

NACXS 1993: Queer Chicanas on the Move

Karleen Pendleton Jiménez, Chair Elect

Karleen Pendleton Jiménez, Chair-Elect

Nineteen Ninety-two was my first NACXS, but 1993 is when I got hooked.  In the months leading up to the conference on early morning Saturdays, I’d hop into the back of Prof. Curry’s car in Albany.  She’d throw me a warm foil wrapped burrito and she and Kathy would drive and talk sociology and literature to me before my brain was working; it still felt like I was getting smarter hearing it though.  We’d arrive at San Jose State into a room full of older guys who were part of the conference organizing committee. 

I was the queer rep for the San Jose site committee and I felt young and intimidated surrounded by these established straight scholars.  I spoke up a couple of times.  I fought to have a bright pink queer tip sheet included in everyone’s folders, with local queer friendly hang-outs and resources listed.  I got us a queer greeting table too.  Both seemed like a huge deal. 

For their part, when it came to deciding on a major speaker, they seemed torn between Anzaldua and Moraga.  At the time I thought, “wow, the lesbians aren’t in the room, but they’re the biggest stars these guys could think of.”  We’ve made some ground.

At the conference itself, I presented my first ever paper, “New Languages of Love Entre Chicanas” and Yvonne Yarbro-Bejarano was in the audience and I was floored.  We also packed a room with a dyke fashion show panel with an mc, music, outfits, and awards, including Deb Vargas, Sandra Soto, myself, Lisa Arellanes, Marcia Ochoa, and others.  If the academy could be a room full of dykes talking, laughing, theorizing, and dancing, then I thought I could be part of it. 

Later that night, we chose a queer club off the list to celebrate, and danced til closing.  Arriving back at the hotel around 3 am, one of the women in our group was punched by a young straight male NACXS participant.  We hurried to get hotel security, but they turned on us, deciding that we were too young to be out this late.  We called members of the coordinating committee, but they weren’t interested in assisting us either.  Finally, I called Prof. Curry from my foco.  She called others and finally got Kathy to come down.  They stayed with us to meet the police and to submit our report.  

The next day, we went to the Lesbian Caucus [now known as the LMBT Caucus] to tell them what happened and to ask for some kind of support.  Rusty was leading the group, full of concern and outrage, and she brought us to stand together in a long line at the front of the next plenary.  We condemned the violence, and asked NACXS members to take seriously the danger of homophobia, my friend’s wounded queer body an example of the consequences.  I felt the shock of the room, and their warmth.  They were appalled that we had been hurt. 

NACXS 1993, for me, was queer Chicana celebration, vulnerability, and solidarity with our membership.


First Recollections

Ernesto Colín, Treasurer-Elect

Ernesto Collin, Treasurer

My first recollections of NACCS are hazy, but the impact has been long-lasting. I attended high school in San José, CA and, as a first-generation high school student within an all-boys private school, I found a safe and generative space in a school-club called La Raza Unida. There, I developed my Xicano identity and learned about Chicanx art, literature, history, and activism. My world opened up substantially in those formative years. We had mentors from MEChA at San José State University who invited us to community events in those days: I remember marching with the UFW, a Francisco X. Alarcón Snake Poems reading, and going to an American Me film screening/discussion. Meanwhile, the NACCS conference came to San José (1993). I was in school during the week, but did make it to the conference for a bit on Saturday. I remember walking around the hotel, dazzled by the number of students and scholars who looked like me and who presented on topics excluded from my entire schooling career. I felt invigorated, thirsty for more. I didn’t not know it at the time, but in the rooms and halls of the Fairmont hotel were future professors, colleagues, scholars, and artists who I would read, admire, and who would leave an imprint on my life and scholarship.

Sustained by the ethnic studies we carved out for ourselves in high school, I chose Chicana/o Studies as one of my college majors. I kept attending MEChA statewide conferences and other academic meetings. This propelled me to graduate school and soon I was presenting and taking part in NACCS regularly (Guadalajara, Seattle, Pasadena, Chicago, SLC, San Francisco, etc.) Completing a circle perhaps, I presented in San José in 2007. I came into leadership in the organization, took my own students, helped hold space for ceremony and elders, and established professional relationships that supported my work and path to university tenure. I have appreciated the friendships, the evolutions, and the frictions within the organization. I am gratified to be a part of the fabric of the organization.


Home Coming

Francisco Villegas, At-large Representative

Villegas (right side) with his students and Prof. Josie Mendez-Negrete (center). NACCS Irvine, 2004.

While I have been part of NACCS since 2004, I was unable to attend a national meeting until thirteen years later. I would often hear about the different conference from friends and colleagues and look forward to being able to attend. When I finally had my opportunity two years ago in Irvine, I loved it. I brought six of my students and everyone was incredibly kind and generous to us. It was a sense of coming home and everyone welcomed us as family. We were so impressed that this year, with it being held in the Midwest, we brought 17, ten of whom shared their work. My students had never seen so many people in academia that looked like them, talked like them, and came from communities like theirs. They had also not experienced the type of spaces that valued our ontologies and epistemologies. It not only made it look possible for them to reach that space, but also to do so without selling out to hegemonic ideas about our communities. In this way, NACCS has been an important space for me to develop a sense of home within academia and to find work that is relevant to my community. Having spent so much time away, it has been a great experience to find connections to my own roots and I appreciate the opportunity to play a bigger role in the organization.


First Time

Maria C. Gonzalez, At-large Representative

Maria Gonzalez, At-Large Rep.

Editor’s Note: Although this is not the first time Maria is part of the NACCS Board, as she has held several posts as a caucus chair, a foco representative and as an At-large representative (until 2017). So she did leave us for a short time and was reappointed when an At-large rep resigned mid-term from his post. We are pleased that she was elected/reelected by the membership.

The first NACCS I ever attended was in San Antonio in 1992 when NACCS was NACS – National Association for Chicano Studies.  With or without “Chicanas” in the name, it has always been welcoming conference. I was a newly minted Ph.D. out of a large Midwestern University with very little direct connections to NACS.  I only knew the names of presenters through reading their books and articles.  Today, I consider many of its longtime members good friends.  And while I have seen my share of the struggles within the organization, I can say I would rather be at any NACCS conference than to ever have to attend another MLA meeting again.


Lilia Soto, Secretary

Lilia Soto, Secretary

My first NACCS experience was in 2003 Los Angeles. I presented with my fellow Ethnic Studies classmates from UC Berkeley in 2004, Albuquerque. But it took me, to take my students to the 2015 NACCS meeting in San Francisco to remind me how I felt attending NACCS as a student.  My colleague and I took four students from the Latina/o Studies Program at the University of Wyoming, who had been accepted to present their research.  The title of the panel, “The Neglect of Mexican Immigrants in the Equality State,” included papers by four of our brightest undergraduates who were interested in exploring the meaning of being Chicana/o in a state like Wyoming where the majority of the population does not look like them.  They were interested in exploring migration in a non-gate state that everyone seems to forget.  I had the pleasure and privilege of working with these students from the initial stages: putting the proposal together, completing their papers, and rehearsing their papers out loud.  For all of them, this was their first NACCS.  The panel was well attended and the audience was quite interested in understanding what it meant to be Chicana/o in a state like Wyoming, when and how they arrived, how they survive, and what they hoped to pursue upon graduation.   As someone from California who grew up surrounded by Chicana/o/Latinx communities who moved to Laramie, I have become used to such questions.  For the students, however, this was new, which made their lived experiences and research projects all the more special and important as the audience was receiving first-hand accounts of life beyond the Southwest.

Upon returning home, we debriefed.  The students spoke to what it felt like to be surrounded by so many people who looked like them, by scholars whom they had read, and overall by the collegiality and camaraderie they received.  Friendships were forged.  Attending NACCS allowed our students to ponder on pursuing M.A. and Ph.D. degrees and return to their state and make changes at various levels.  Sometimes we forget what such intellectual spaces mean. It is wonderful to be reminded and I thank my students for reminding me of how I felt attending my first NACCS back in 2003.

Board Secretary Says Adios y Gracias!

Dear NACCSistas,

Jennie Luna, NACCS Secretary 2016-2018

As outgoing Secretary of the Board, I want to share a few notes from our annual meeting and a few observations of the work ahead of us. In our recent board election, we had 138 members vote out of the 397 paid members. While this is actually a significant number of voters in comparison to past years, I want to encourage our members to take a more active role in our organization, not only in voting for your national representation, but in taking on leadership roles in your regional focos.

Please remember to keep your membership updated annually and encourage others to become members of our organization. Your membership dues sustain our operations as an organization, while your registration at our annual conference is what pays for the conference itself. This year, in the days leading up to the conference, we had 200 pre-registered attendees, but 400 people listed as presenters on the program. The earlier you register, the more accurate our account can be as we prepare for the conference. Further, it is vital that presenters and all attendees pay their membership and conference registration. So many of us have benefited over the years professionally and personally from NACCS. For many of us, it is where we first presented at a national academic conference. It has given us a platform to share our research and engage in important discussions about our field; it has provided a space to bring together scholars, activists, and community in order to advocate for all that we value in Chicana/o Studies. It has been a space to cultivate the next generation of Chicana/o Studies scholars. Therefore, it is critical that we invest in NACCS through our membership fees, conference registration, website and program advertisement purchases, and donations. As we approach the 50th anniversary of the Third World Liberation Front and the birth of the Plan de Santa Barbara, it is important to reflect on the next 50 years of our discipline and how we can continue to grow NACCS.

As a board, we discussed the need to restructure the way we pay for membership and registration online. The current invoice structure is extremely labor intensive and will be retired. The board will work on developing a more streamlined way of handling payments in the future, with clear instructions for our members. We are exploring how to make our website more accessible and how to add links to pay caucus dues and give donations.

I am excited about our National board leadership and look forward to the work they will continue to produce for our organization. I look forward to supporting the incoming secretary, Lilia Soto and have confidence in all the new incoming leadership on board that they will continue to good work of NACCS.

Lastly, I want to publicly thank and express my admiration for the Executive Director, Associate Director and the entire board for your leadership, collegiality, and perseverance. I have learned and gained so much over the past 2 years as secretary and encourage others to consider service to NACCS in the future.

Con respeto,

Jennie Luna, Board Secretary: 2016-2018

Summer 2018 – Vol. 43 No. 1

FINALLY, I get to be Past Chair!

by V. June Pedraza – NACCS Chair, 2016-2018

V. June Pedraza, Chair 2016-18

I have been a member of NACCS since I was in graduate school, and I have always believed in the work that this organization cultivates and engages in.  My work in the Tejas foco lead to my nomination for NACCS Chair.

The Foco and its membership taught me about what it was to be a Chicana in academia and in our community. I continue to draw support from the leadership in my foco as I continue to participate on the board.  As the chair of NACCS for the last two years, I find myself more engaged in keeping the organization alive and thriving.  I know that this year’s board will thrive and bring new ideas.   While I still have one more year remaining on the Board, I will always care for this organization and look forward to working with our new board members.

While technically I should have transitioned off the Board this year, I was drawn back to complete another year as Chair for 2017-2018. So now, as I finally take my role as Past-Chair, I have a greater appreciation for the work it takes to put on the national conference, as this is my third one that I have seen from beginning to end.  I must thank everyone for their participation at the NACCS 2018 conference in Minneapolis, Minnesota.  It was an amazing conference, and “The Queer Turn” brought about so many needed and great conversations within the academy.

Of course, I want to thank the hardworking NACCS board members for making this year’s conference happen. In addition, much appreciation is extended to the Midwest Foco for all the energy and work that made the conference memorable.

I am also very excited about this year’s NACCS board, and I am happy that Dr. Aureliano M. DeSoto will serve as the 2019 NACCS Board Chair.

Thank you again to all the NACCS members, and I look forward to NACCS 2019.

Summer 2018 – Vol. 43 No. 1

NACCS Board Minutes, Annual Meeting 2018

Board minutes

edited for space

Conference Report/updates from Julia: this year Jamie is doing registration on her own; Alex Greene will come in, but she will need some help; Registration opens at 3:30 and she may need help setting up. Board needs to go help her Wed evening and Thursday morning registration.

Had pre-conference meeting with hotel personnel: 533 room nights, roughly 180 rooms booked throughout the conference.

Food & Beverage: following plenaries, 100 box lunches prioritized for students; 10 can get pulled away for the board during our meeting.

Expenses/Numbers for 2018 Conference

AV equipment: $21,000 with service and tax (including our discount); excludes cost of Cultural night which is paid by Univ. of Minnesota. Discussion of AV expenses continues.

Registration: Low, only 200 pre-registered, but 400+ on the program. Need to have membership/participants to register online. Invoices are time consuming to create and need to eliminate or rethink.

Financial issues: Need to remind the body of the many items NACCS pays for with membership which they benefit from.

Exhibitors: We have been very successful in our public relations in how we treat our vendors. Univ. of AZ can’t sell books here (because don’t have permit to sell), but still came.

 Social Media: We have a social media person from the hotel who helped us with our promotion (#NACCS, etc); helps with publicity, undgrad student at University of Minnesota Journalism, Directed Communications, getting assessment data. He met with Kathy & Julia to create shells to use with SnapChat, using a template. Costs money to NACCS= space (portion of hotel we will have this available) x hours. $20 each time, totaling~$100. This publicity will help provide an idea for next year.

Student Plenary Hour: Given that there was just one student awardee and he was unable to attend, the Board decides to cancel the presentation and allow participants to determine their own activity.




Past 8 years including 2018

2008-Tejas- Austin

2009- East Coast – New Brunswick, NJ

2010- PNW – Seattle, W

2011-SCAL- Pasadena

2012-MW – Chicago, IL

2013-Tejas – San Antonio

2014-RM – Salt Lake City, UT

2015-NCAL – San Francisco, CA

2016-CO – Denver

2017-SCAL – Irvine, CA

2018- MW – St. Paul, MN

2019 – RM or Pacific Northwest

Our effort since 2003 has been to rotate the conference to cover all of our regional Focos. In 2016 we finally returned to Colorado, which had been off since the 1994 boycott. Note that 2008 and 2013 went to Tejas (with the 2013 site selection made by resolution from Arturo Madrid and Norma Cantu). We resumed the rotation in 2014 with RM, which was pushed out by Tejas in 2013. Because of revenue potential, we made a decision to go to regions with higher membership in Tejas and CA on a greater frequency schedule – every 5 years, rather than every 9 years. All other areas are inserted based on the last time the conference was in the region, but roughly every 7 years.

Summer 2018 – Vol. 43 No. 1

Spring Snow Welcomed NACCS 45

by Carlos Reyes Guerrero, Chair 2002-3/2013-15

photo by CRG

Minneapolis welcomed NACCS 45 with a nice spring snow storm. As Board arrived early to prepare for the conference, flights were delayed and heavy snow welcomed them to the city. However, by morning, the snow had stopped. The sun peeked through the clouds for the rest of the week. Despite the lingering cold, participants endured and explored this Minnesota city along with frequent trips to Target in Edina.

photo by Kathy Blackmer Reyes

On Wednesday evening, the Board and the local committee welcomed NACCS attendees with words of welcome and fabulous local musical talent.

Throughout the week, panels, workshops, plenaries, posters, and films demonstrated the diversity of the Chicanx scholarship. The conference that almost did not happen, happened. “It was an amazing conference, and “The Queer Turn” brought about so many needed and great conversations within the academy,” said V. June Pedraza, NACCS Chair 2018.

photo by Kathy Blackmer Reyes

These spaces are important to a generation of scholars and future generations. Lilia Soto, NACCS Secretary (2018-2020), says it best, “Sometimes we forget what such intellectual spaces mean. It is wonderful to be reminded and I thank my students for reminding me of how I felt attending my first NACCS back in 2003.”

photo by Kathy Blackmer Reyes

NACCS conferences are always the work of commitment and dedication to Chicanx scholarship. The spaces created at the conference demonstrate community, collaboration, understanding, but most of all, love. This is NACCS.



Summer 2018 – Vol. 43 No. 1

Assets and Liabilities Reports: July 1, 2017 – June 30, 2017

National Association for Chicana and Chicano Studies

Asset and Liability Report

July 1, 2016 – June 30, 2017

As of June 30, 2017, NACCS assets totaled $204,627.79. This total includes a checking account balance of $47,712.12, web advertisements ($3,250), refunded credit card fees ($114.66), donations ($2,692.20), and membership dues paid ($58,120.18). The total assets also include 2017 conference income in the amount of $92,738.00. The liabilities include operating expenses ($64,664.13)  and 2017 conference expenses in the amount of $78,132.51.  The total liabilities were $144,583.65. The Net Worth of NACCS as of June 30, 2016is $60,044.14.

2016-17 NACCS Asset_Liability 


NACCS Antonia Casteñeda Endowment

Asset and Liability Report

April 30, 2016 – June 30, 2017

In Summer 2016, a decision was made to follow the reporting cycle of Antonia Casteñdea Endowment investment fund and to report it separately.  On April 30, 2016, the total value of the Antonia Casteñdea Endowment was $23,378.31.   There was an overall increase in value of $2,470.48 from April 30, 2016, to June 30, 2017. The Net Worth of the Antonia Casteñdea Endowment as of June 30, 2017, is $25,848.79.

2016-17 NACCS AC Asset_Liability

Spring 2018 – Vol. 42 No. 2

2018 NACC Scholar: Dr. Rosaura Sanchez, “una de las grandes”

Rosaura Sánchez, “una de las grandes”
University of California, San Diego

With unanimous excitement the NACCS Board announces Dr. Rosaura Sánchez as NACCS Scholars 2018 and forever after.  Hers is a tale of commitment, tenacity, and perseverance that provides a context for the labor of NACCS.

Dr. Sánchez began her educational pursuits in 1959 attending the UT at Austin, where she earned a B.A. in Spanish (with a minor in English) in 1963.  Following her BA she entered the Peace Corps where she served as an ESL and Literacy Instructor in Ecuador from 1964-1966.  Among her professional experiences early in her career, Dr. Sanchez served as a Language Instructor in the Peace Corps Summer Training Programs and Teacher Corps at USC Rural Migrant 1967-1970, and 1969-1971 respectively. In 1969 she completed an MA in Spanish and in 1974 a PhD in Romance Linguistics also at the UT at Austin.  Her dissertation entitled:  A Generative Study of Two Spanish Dialects.

According to Dr. Mary Pardo, Sánchez’ “impressive record of contributions, including scholarly work, academic preparation of new scholars…, political stances against injustice, and creative writing represent a life achievement…What is most impressive to me is the consistent rigor of her arguments and ability to engage in contemporary political reflections….my most respected colleagues in Chicana/o Studies at CSUN, include Alicia Ivonne Estrada, PhD., who Sánchez mentored when she was an undergraduate student…Sánchez’ life achievements embody NACCS central mission-a lifetime of critical inquiry regarding the Chicana/o/Mexican/ experience and engagement in contemporary political debates.

Also students of Sanchez were: Dr. Clara Lomas, Dr. Rosalinda Fregoso, and Dr. Lauro Flores.  Dr. Flores stated:  “I met Prof. Sánchez in 1971, when she had just arrived in San Diego, and I was an undergraduate student…Since then, she has been more than just an exemplary scholarly and a teacher, she has been a mentor for several cohorts of students who have moved on to become important figures in the field of Chicana/o Studies, and essential contributions to the development of various areas in the field.  In addition to her work as an advocate for her students, Professor Sanchez’ scholarship has also opened many doors for younger researchers …she has been a true trailblazer in Chicana/o Studies and many related fields:  Critical Theory; Cultural Studies, Third World Studies, and Gender studies.”

Lastly, Dr. Chabram, stated:  “In my opinion Prof. Sánchez is one of the leading critical Chicana thinkers of our times…At a time in which mainstream scholars were taken aback by the multiple particularities of el lenguaje de los Chicanos, Sánchez  delivered a foundational work that documented the longstanding social, cultural and contextual domains of Chicano discourse…she possesses the kind of intelligence, dedication, and yes, dignity, that is rare in academia.  For me she exemplifies what a NACCS Scholars should be and can be.”

Nominated by the N. CA Foco and received support from former students, Dr. Lomas (Colorado College), Dr. Flores (U of Washington),  Dr. Fregoso (UC Santa Cruz) and a colleague from the S. CA Foco, Dr. Pardo (CSU Northridge).

Spring 2018 – Vol. 42 No. 2

Dr. Marisa Elena Duarte Receives Antonia I Castañeda Award

Antonia I Castañeda Award Committee Congratulates Dr. Marisa Elena Duarte

The Antonia I Castañeda Award Committee is pleased to announce that “Uneven Exchanges: Borderlands Violence and the Search for Peace at Sand Creek,” by Marisa Elena Duarte, has been selected for the 2018 Castañeda Award. Dr. Duarte’s article analyzed two university studies (Northwestern University and Denver University) regarding the culpability of John Evans in the Sand Creek massacre of Cheyenne and Arapaho men, women and children. Applying theories of subversive lucidity developed by José Medina(2013), and an Indigenous feminist lens to the massacre and its multiple legacies—including the two university studies—Duarte exposed the habits of the mind that made possible the massacre and the settler violence that continues to date. Equally important, she mapped the habits of the mind necessary to respond to legacies of violence and injustice. As historians, Duarte argues, we must turn away from individualistic questions such as “Was John Evans culpable?” and instead ask “What was the nature of the social fabric that compelled Evans to treat Cheyenne and Arapaho women as he did?” and “What are the legacies of Evan’s treatment of women for contemporary Cheyenne and Arapaho women?” It is questions such as these, Duarte argues, that create a truly usable past, and “allows Cheyenne and Arapaho testimony.”

Dr. Marisa Elena Duarte is an assistant professor in the School of Social Transformation at Arizona State University where she teaches courses in Critical Indigenous Research Methodologies, Digital Activism, and Cross-Cultural Leadership. Dr. Duarte is also author of Network Sovereignty: Building the Internet Across Indian Country (University of Washington, 2017). “Uneven Exchanges: Borderlands Violence and the Search for Peace at Sand Creek,” was published in Chicana Latina Studies 16. No. 1.

Spring 2018 – Vol. 42 No. 2

Mid-Year Minutes 2017

Midyear Minutes. (Not approved) Abridged for publication.
Friday, October 27, 2017- Saturday, Oct 28, 2017
Location: Doubletree Hotel, Minneapolis, MN

Present: Kathy Blackmer-Reyes, Julia Curry-Rodriguez, Linda Heidenreich, Maria Gonzalez, Chalane Lechuga, Jennie Luna, V. June Pedraza, Aureliano De Soto. Absent: Cecilia Aragon and Brenda Valle

I. Welcome

III. Reports

Discussion: Reporting to the membership in regards to recent board changes:
There have been many changes to our board; how do we address this to our membership?
June will draft this notice for the next Noticias.

Chair Elect
Conference Program: In process
Call for papers went out; submissions are starting to come in; Aureliano went over a to-do list with Kathy which was very helpful; there were 25 people asked to be readers, 14 have responded positively.

Nov. 8th is the deadline (Wednesday). There was one critique about the use of the X (Chicanx). But feedback has been positive about the theme, aside from a few minor critiques. Overall, theme is encouraging more people to want to come to the conference.

Questions On Conference Structure to the board:
Leadership Listening session: Board is not present at the conference and are usually locked in a conference room, which leads to our invisibility and critiques from members.

Proposed the idea of having a board listening session during the conference
He also proposed having the chair address the membership, having a time built into the program moving forward. This will not only be a “Chairs Address” but also “a state of the field; where are we going as an interdisciplinary field, etc.

The board reviewed, gave suggestions and helped revise the conference schedule.

We agreed on changes to the schedule. AD will edit and send us the final draft of the revised schedule.

Reform Resolution Process: Aureliano proposed that we establish a new way of submitting resolutions. Currently, it is a poor use of time at the conference; because our bylaws have been suspended, we need to communicate with membership the changes moving forward. We will establish that focos and caucuses need to write and submit their resoultions before the conference. Board Consensus that Aureliano, Julia, and Kathy will work on a new resolution process that will be completed and sent the membership before the end of the year.

Also, we should think about how we can vote for board positions more effectively; perhaps we can schedule the election during the conference electronically. By moving the election/voting during the dates of the conference, we might get more participation/engagement.

Executive Director
Report on ongoing projects: Incorporation, Communications with xCatalyst and Paypal
We are now incorporated with official standing!
xCatalyst and Paypal: Julia was able to recover $1,584 from fraud issues.

Site visits: we ended up at good place. Julia negotiated well for the price of the rooms. Reductions were made on food & beverage, AV etc. We spend $35,000 but get additional 10% for the same price.

Written report of completed work since end of conference: Julia has already submitted some written reports and regularly communicates in writing via email to the board, but will submit an official report.

Invoice for work: Submited invoice to the board for the work completed.
Chalane will review what expenses need to be covered.

Minneapolis Site Visit: St. Paul visitors bureau covered ED airline ticket; hotel stays were comped.

At Denver conference, former board member made a resolution that executive director would get the expenses covered for travel, lodging and per diem for both site inspection and midyear. Since that resolution was approved by the board, none of the site inspection expenses, nor midyear should be out of pocket; they need to be covered/reimbursed.

Travel and work for midyear and site inspection are separate from the overall labor.

For several years, ED and AD were paying for their own midyear, while none of the board had to, this is why former board member made the resolution to pay for travel, lodging and per diem for site inspection and midyear. Consulting work continues, but has to be re-negotiated at some point.

Associate Director
2017 proceedings: none were received.

For 2017, Josh will be editor to continue with the proceedings. There will be a notice sent to remind people if they are interested to submit. For future, we need to be proactive for the proceedings and set a precedent that the chair-elect follow up to encourage submissions. Chair-elect should do outreach prior to conference to remind people to consider submitting. Motivate presenters to have their papers prepared.

Book award: Both 2016 and 2017 were submitted, therefore we had a huge submission. But since there are so many books, this year we will only deal with 2016, and next year only 2017.

Exhibitor registration is up for signing up. Since internet security is tight, it has been difficult for them to register, so this makes it more work for us because they are now going to have to submit invoices; but at the same time, we don’t want a repeat of fraud.
There were lots of job ads this year; which are $750 for 45 days, on both web page and facebook and integrated into the newsletter. We have made negotiations with people regarding ads. In total, we made $4,500 off web ads..

Hotel registration is ready for booking hotel. Conference registration should be up soon. People want to know registration for budgets. We will discuss recommendation for this year.

Listserve/Domain issues: Dream Host is our domain host. Discussion groups cost ~$2/month, but we have had a lot of issues such as hacking (within the Dream Host server) and moving of discussion groups to another server. We have had communication issues for the last several months.

Newsletter and Facebook: Carlos Guerrero provided a report/analytics which included number of hits, demographics, etc., so we can consider how we can build our newsletter. We had low results. Newsletter is only thing we produce outside of the conference.

Managing listserves: AD is hands- off of caucus listserves, they have ability to manage their own lists; AD can help them, she can subscribe them; Focos on the other hand, are overseen completely by AD because it is based on membership dues paid. AD manages this; you can only be on foco listserve if you have paid your membership. Caucus listserves are different. They do not want to remove people from listserves, so there are people that are not members, for example. Kathy needs to communicate the system to update listserves for caucuses; this information can be distributed by the At-large reps. They should let their focos/caucuses know how listserves are managed. But if needed, the caucus chairs can give AD a roster of emails from the attendance at their meetings and she will take care of updating, otherwise, each caucus can totally manage it themselves. We need to add this to the guidelines for new leadership: let them kow how to updates listserve, passwords, etc.

In terms of facebook pages or other social media, guidelines have never been created; there has been no time to deal with policies in social media; but there is the question about how caucuses develop facebook and their record, and how to archive info.

We are doing well with our open access site. Grad papers are popular; we get good hits, for example, Los Tigres del Norte paper and Dolores Delgado Bernal, Education paper submitted. Even though our proceedings are not recognized through google, (we have minimal meta data and the only way people are locating articles is through very limited terms) we still have good stats. Kathy will work on increasing our findings even more through our open access. The Board would like to also create a page/tab on our website for leadership training online, as well as post the updated officer’s handbook, once completed.

Officers handbook needs to be revised and re-developed; spoke to fomer NACCS Chair; will have a working draft for the board by next conference call.
She submitted report to noticias; a condensed version of our minutes/highlights.

At Large Reps:

Linda Heidenreich – Midwest Foco: she has communicated with them
Pacific Northwest Foco: had a conference.
Tejas Foco: Tx had a foco conference of 300 people in attendance; 2018 foco conference will be at TX Lutheran;
LBTM Caucus, Joto Caucus, and Chicana Caucus, working on a three pronged approach: dialogue amongst all of them; last year Indigenous & Joto caucuses were organizing/requesting more visibility on plenary; trying to negotiate some type of rotating plenary with Chicana caucus. Linda has been taking lead of this organizing. Caucuses came up with a three tiered approach & other ideas.

Caucuses agree to:
Draft resolution bylaw to change opening plenary
Develop/institutionalize different tracks; this has been done with the submission process. Caucuses still have to put it together; responsibility of caucus chairs to get the information out there.  Chicana caucus ensures to having queer presence & have Indigenous representation on plenary

Discussion: Caucuses are requesting by-law changes for plenary and voices of more inclusivity. Requesting the possibility of NACCS 101 to have a section of how to put forward a resolution. Every foco is supposed to have a representative from a caucus; they should be learning this at home with focos; perhaps foco reps need training. Need to re-think the foco; representation is not happening in the foco; focos are supposed to be the grassroots body of organization, now caucuses are doing the organizing. Impulse to change should be within the organizing of the grassroots body. How do we get more people engaged/discussions? “How do we transform so we are still whole when we transform” and still give respect to the founders/board etc. Linda will send to us a workshop to share: “How to put together a kick-ass panel”

Maria Gonzalez – communicated with folks late Sept/Oct. She let Linda take over Indigenous caucus. She sent an email introducing self, no response. Sent an email about midyear meeting needing reports. Southern California Foco: reports that they have nothing to report; Alex Reyes not sure if will be on the call; Northern California Foco: Frank Ortega said he would send report, has not done so yet, but hopes to be on call tomorrow; Tejas Foco: Leo Trevino no longer Rep. and Felipe Hinojosa is now the rep. Indigenous Caucus, COMPAS Caucus: no reports from them and Student Caucus: no rep; Colorado Foco Debora Ortega, no feedback.

Poster board presentations: Maria sent sample new guidelines to Kathy to consider. Perhaps presenter charged for the supplies, but we are still held responsible for supplies. Big challenge is the labor intensive of poster presentations.

Brenda Valles – Rocky Mountain Foco, East Coast Foco, Mexico Foco, K-12 Caucus, Graduate Student Caucus, and Community Caucus: not present and did not send in report.

VI. Review of Nominations for NACCS Scholar
Two nominations were received: Both distinguished scholars. Through secret ballot voting process:

Board votes yes to approve the nomination of Rosaura Sanchez as 2018 lifetime achievement award for NACCS;

NACCS Chair made call to Rosaura Sanchez.

VII. Discussion of 2018 Conference

Conference Swag: Aureliano

Chair Address discussion:
Kathy prepared schedules to review, plenaries shortened; student plenary shorted to 50 min.
Chair Address goes first before the break; Thurs. 3:30-4:15; short talk/questions and socializing; with light refreshments; At this address it was suggested that we set up questions; small group discussions etc. post-its for public comments to address concerns; need of consultant.

Friday schedule: leadership orientation at 7:30 am; let’s find a different place for it and suggest that we have caucus meetings happen in the morning rather than afternoon. So we can have reception/dinner and cultural night; move 2nd session of leadership orientation to Thurs.

Leadership meeting on Thurs. 11:50-12:50pm

X. Conference Call with Focos and Caucus reps
Agenda Conference Call:
-Introductions:Chicana caucus co-chairs present: Isabel Millan, Yvette Saavedra; Felipe Hinojosa (TJ foco); and Theresa Torres (Midwest foco rep)

1. Give them an update on spending their rebates. Deadlines, by Dec. 31—spend or submit a memo of their plan to spend money; need to take a vote… documentation of that vote in the way that the caucus decides.

2. Review numbers of membership and express need to increasing numbers in some caucuses/remind foco and caucus reps to communicate with their members about registering and paying foco/caucus dues. Reach out to at large rep if your caucus is not maintaining that 30 member number requirement.

3. Leadership meeting: give them date and remind them that they have to be present THURS 11:50 April 5th; keep an eye out for an email reminder from treasurer and a google rsvp link.

4. Explain the new submission process for proposals: in addition to regular submission process we have new forms for foco or caucus sponsored panels. Created new forms where drop down menu available in the form. Take a look at regular submission for the new forms.

XI. Treasurer (see Treasurer report for updated information)

Treasurer sent additional detailed documents to board regarding report.

Assets and Liabilities Report for FY 2016-17

Report sent, as of Oct 26th, we have $57,206.36 in checking account. We don’t have a final version of fiscal year 16-17 yet. Difficulty to complete the report because of the various accounts/systems we are working with. Membership dues 99% come through credit card; some come through checks and some bounce. Make a decision that we don’t take personal checks…only credit or cash. Bounced checks create a nightmare. Contacting people and getting people to pay fee difficult.

Moved by Chalane and seconded by Maria that we no longer accept personal checks; Motion passes.

Income we are tracking: credit card job/web ads donations….we have verified the income to be $97,1927 from the Irvine conference. In 2016 we made $92,812, in line with what we typically bring in income. Divided expenses are in 2 categories: operating and conference. $86,669 cost of conference; generated $11,000 income. Mostly generated from exhibits. We generate rooms by the number of rooms we sell. Those rooms are used for childcare and student Beca nominees. AV is the second most expensive costs for the conference. And now we usually have to have AV in all presentation rooms. Chalane suggested that we should wait to raise registration fees until the following year.

Registration income pays for the conference; if it doesn’t meet $86,000, we need to figure out if conference fees did not pay all conference expenses in CA…need to break down cost per person and see if it’s proportional; people who pay more subsidize people who pay less. We don’t want across the board increase…just proportional increase in registration. We made more in registration for last year because onsite registration was very high. Also we had $5 rebates from room block (earning ~$2,500); we don’t have that this year. Need to analyze how many pay on site, non-members, etc.

We have same amount for food and beverage $43,000, AV $27,000. Denver paid for itself.

Irvine was going to be expense, but made it very expensive to register onsite. Need to look at our numbers.

If everyone paid registration, we would see a huge difference, 30% don’t pay! Membership dues don’t cover operating costs: We bring in $37,000 in membership dues and operation is $67,000. We can’t maintain this…only able to pay down debt because of carry-over. We are not making a profit, org is only barely sustaining itself. Increase $5 more on the registration. We raised the dues last year. Conference registration will be a nest egg. They have increased the exhibitors, $900 per table…we have increased it dramatically and we might be at our peak. Need to massage the relations we have. Jamie is paid $1000 for her work at the registration; takes vacation time to do this. Only started paying child care providers and they must be certified. Students paying $125 are getting subsidized with $61. Their actual cost is $189. Motion was made to raise student registration by $5 and people who are below $186 bring them up by $10.

Motion passed and Board voted to make these increases (AD and Treasurer will working on the exact increases to be posted)

Antonia Castaneda Report for FY 2016-17
Fund is now $26,254.10 current; ideally could produce a report quarterly. Which means it has recovered and the $500 prize can come out of the endowment. It is only 2 years old and rate of return is not as high because we are part of a socially responsible investor; 4%. Account would be invested into the fund to get it back to 25,000; give $500 in 2017 from the funds. Donations can go directly into the Castaneda fund, not into NACCS account to help generate interest. If people are interested in donating, contact Julia for now…but if want to be a donor, it can be in the form/donor web page.

Update on Debt Resolution from NACCS 2017 Board Meeting
NACCS is committed to paying the labor and going forward we need to reevaluate our ED and AD expenses. Our debt will increase if we don’t resolve the amount NACCS pays… how people are compensated. Linda will research look at specific academic organization to get an idea of how other similar orgs pay their ED/AD
We have guaranteed to pay back over 5 years what (previous board) agreed, but we need to figure out the amount going forward. AD: invoiced $20,000 in projects; ED invoiced $16,000 in projects. We need to seriously work on fundraising.

Ideas: -Can we have a silent auction at NACCS? Institutional memberships and what are the incentives? ($250). Chairs contacting the NACCS scholars and lifetime members. Monthly expenses are not bad…but when we have annual fees ie, xcatalyst ($6000~ etc). Our proposed operating budget includes expenses we know and what we anticipate and given that, we need to think realistically about what we can pay ED/AD. We try to keep $30,000 in the bank, but it would be okay if we carry $15000, less…to pay off our debt. We need our foco reps and caucus chairs to pay their memberships!!! We can encourage Institutions to buy memberships. It was suggested we have an adhoc committee that can build NACCS and make it economically sustainable, and not solely on our ED/AD shoulders. We can only afford 50% of what we owe. NACCS does not have money to pay them.

Membership Report (1/1/2017-10/20/2017)
Caucuses & numbers: all supposed to be at 30 in order to exist.At large reps lead the efforts to communicate to their constituents about their numbers and the total of their members and remind chairs to remind their constituents to pay their fees. Joto now at 13; Student 18. Some numbers are low and we need to find ways to support them. Issues discovered with number of Indigenous caucus members which were inaccurate. Need to re-evaluate the process of the budget deadlines for focos/caucuses. Labor caucus will complete their formation period at conference 2018; we need their rosters, demonstrate they have 30 individuals registered for 2 years. And we can add them to the list to pay their dues now and we need to add to the at-large representative…makes logical sense to give it to a rep that works on compas. Maria will take them on and will get contact info from AD.

Our membership: Last year 548. This year 2017, 537 members, 51% female. Student membership is the core of the membership/undergrads/grads. Need to track budgets of each caucus/foco and provide a report. Foco rebates: a fund/not separate account. Don’t eliminate foco rebates, but instead create a fund focos can apply to…many Focos don’t spend funds. We could create a fund for rolling application. This will allow Focos who don’t generate funds to apply for more…allow small Focos or special projects to be funded. Foco development fund…they can apply for up to $200 to develop their foco to help support a foco meeting. The only Foco that utilized this funding was the east coast under Michael Hames Garcia; Foco went up from 2 to 17 members. There would have to be deliverables, like a grant.

Last fiscal year only Indigenous and Joto caucuses spent funds; the Chicana, Grad and LBMT funds went to their receptions, but as of now, no one has spent. Rethink foco rebates because most go unspent and the labor involved in processing those payments is intensive. June, Aureliano & Chalane will continue the adhoc NACCS financial health committee.

XI. Vetting Discussion
Discuss process and develop plan of action for identifying potential candidates for vacant positions to be filled in 2018
Look at grid of regional and caucus representing on board and see out missing areas
Everyone should come back with a list of potential nominations.

Open positions:
At Large Rep (Brenda); At Large Rep (Maria) she will run again; Secretary; Chair Elect; treasurer elect(?)

We need to consider regional representation:
Pacific NW represented (Linda); TX rep (June- is she going to continue?); Midwest (Aureliano); Colorado (Chalane). Don’t have: norCA; soCA; East Coast; Rocky Mountain

Spring 2018 – Vol. 42 No. 2